“Advocates for the African trophy hunting industry invariably claim that hunting revenues provide benefits to rural communities. Responding to calls to list African lions on the US Endangered Species Act, Safari Club International officials stated:
“Hunters and hunting actually benefit Africa’s lions — as well as its humans. Revenues from hunting generate $200 million annually in remote rural areas of Africa.” (Rudolph and Hosmer 2011)
Analysis of literature on the economics of trophy hunting reveals, however, that communities in the areas where hunting occurs derive very little benefit from this revenue.”
This quote comes from the summary of a report from the Economists at Large Pty Ltd Melbourne, Australia that takes a close look at how money from Trophy Hunting impacts communities and conservation efforts in Africa as a whole. In many cases barely 3% ever makes it to the communities and on average it only contributes 1.8% of the total African Tourism Revenue.
I invite you to take the time to read this entire report. It debunks through proven and honest research much of the excuses that prevail when it comes to Hunting Big Game in Africa.
I’ve listed the conclusions of the report below for a quick overview. The report is in PDF format for easy reading and saving.
READ THE FULL REPORT : https://sosnatureprotection.files.wordpress.com/2015/08/ecolarge-2013-200m-question.pdf
Contribution to community development is minimal
Trophy hunting advocates consistently portray the industry as a major contributor to African community development. Our research indicates that its contributions are in fact minimal. Authors from all sides of hunting and conservation debates agree that local communities are key stakeholders for conservation initiatives, yet they generally receive minimal benefits from trophy hunting.
A study published by the pro-hunting International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation and the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation found that hunting operators in Tanzania contribute only 3% of their turnover to the communities that are affected by hunting. These calculations are supported by other authors and the conclusion that hunting contributes insufficiently to community development is widely acknowledged.
Would reforms help improve the situation of disadvantaged communities?
Industry advocates imply that a solution is to reform the industry to share more of its revenue. However, the trophy hunting industry is not a large industry in terms of its contribution to GDP or as a part of the wider tourism industry. Improving economic development and the lives of communities is not, therefore, going to be affected by minor changes in the trophy hunting industry, but will be better served by broader development efforts and sustainable tourism. Studies that estimate the revenue of the trophy hunting industry are generally based on weak data and should be used with caution.
Listing African lions on the ESA will have minimal impacts on the trophy hunting industry
Efforts to list the African Lion on the US Endangered Species Act will have minimal impacts on the trophy hunting industry and therefore on communities in Africa. The trophy hunting industry is driven by hunting of buffalo and plains game – lion hunting is not a major revenue generator for the industry. Pro-hunting studies have concluded that reduced lion hunting would make almost no difference to the area of financially viable hunting land.
A very low cost contribution to conservation
A reduction in the number of lions hunted will, however, increase the chances of the species’ survival in the wild and maintain an important asset for future generations. There are many factors influencing the long-term sustainability of wild lion populations including hunting, habitat loss, prey depletion and agricultural expansion. One threat that the USA can directly assist with is to reduce hunting by Americans. The ESA listing provides a chance to help lions at almost no cost to people.
If you care about wildlife this may be the most important petition you may ever sign – Petitioning Commissioner, Internal Revenue Service John Koskinen to Revoke the 501(c) (4) status of Safari Club International and the 501 (c) (3) status of the Safari Club International Foundation